The Book of Religion and Empire


A Semi-Official Defence and Exposition of Islam Written by Order at the Court of Caliph Al-Motevakkel..... Translated with a critical apparatus from an apparently Unique MS.

By Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, , tr. by A. Mingana D.D.
Publisher: University Press
Number Of Pages: 198
Publication Date: 1922-01-01
6.3 mb rar.ed bookmarked djvu, P. 1922. To see bookmarks click on 'Outline' on left side of djvu page.

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari (Persian: علی ابن سهل ربان طبری) (c. 838–c. 870 CE) was a Muslim hakim, scholar, physician and psychologist of Persian Jewish or Zoroastrian descent from Tabarestan, who produced the first encyclopedia of medicine. He was a pioneer of pediatrics and the field of child development. His stature, however, was eclipsed by his more famous pupil, Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi ("Rhazes").

Ali became an Islamic convert under the Abbassid caliph Al-Mu'tasim (833-842), who took him into the service of the court, in which he continued under Al-Mutawakkil (847-861). His father Sahl ibn Bishr was a famous Astrologer.
Ali ibn Sahl was fluent in Syriac and Greek, the two sources for the medical tradition of antiquity. His works are:

1. Firdous al-Hikmah ("Paradise of Wisdom"), which he wrote in Arabic. Called also Al-Kunnash was a system of medicine in seven parts, He also translated it into Syriac to give it wider usefulness. The information in Firdous al-Hikmah has never entered common circulation in the West because it was not edited until the 20th century, when Mohammed Zubair Siddiqui assembled an edition using the five surviving partial manuscripts. There is still no English translation.
2. Tuhfat al-Muluk ("The King's Present")
3. a work on the proper use of food, drink, and medicines.
4. Hafzh al-Sihhah ("The Proper Care of Health"), following Greek and Indian authorities.
5. Kitab al-Ruqa ("Book of Magic or Amulets")
6. Kitab fi al-hijamah ("Treatise on Cupping")
7. Kitab fi Tartib al-'Ardhiyah ("Treatise on the Preparation of Food")

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