Shi'ite Islam

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By Taba Al, Muhammad H. Al-Tabataba'i
Translated and Edited by Seyyed Hossein Nasr
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Pages: 272, Date: 1979-06-30
ISBN-10: 0873953908, PDF 0.714 MB, bookmarked, vector

This book is an excellent complement to Dr. Momen's work An Introduction to Shi`i Islam: The History and Doctrines of Twelver Shi`ism but not a substitute therefor. It is written from a more esoteric, albeit still theological, perspective. In the section "Man and Gnostic Comprehension" Prof. Dr. Allamah Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Tabatabai states:

"The polytheistic religions and Judaism, Christianity, Zoroastrianism, and Islam all have believers who are gnostics." This statement alone is worth at least one star and will be felt quite shocking for some more zahiri (exoteric) Muslims.

The preface and notes by Prof. Dr. Seyyed Hossein Nasr are extremely worthwhile in themselves and provide considerable additional insight into the subject matter.

The title of the book should have been: "Twelver Shi'ite Islam" as the other 2 significantly extant branches of Shi'ite Islam, Zaydi and Ismaili, are discussed only in a very summary manner. Modesty is a becoming virtue.

In Chapter VI Eschatology the first section is entitled "Man is Composed of spirit and Body". This is rather disappointing especially in view of the Quranic triad of spirit (Ar-Ruh), soul or mind (An-Nafs) and body (Al-Jism).

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The Position of Women in Islam: A Progressive View

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By Mohammad Ali Syed
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Pages: 135, Date: 2004-08
ISBN-10 : 0791460967

Description:
Challenging the conservative framers of Islamic law who accorded a lesser status to women, Mohammad Ali Syed argues that the Quran and the Hadith-the two primary sources of Islamic law-actually place Muslim women on the same level as Muslim men. Syed provides an overview of both sources and explores their respective roles in Islamic law, emphasizing the Quran's role as the supreme authority and questioning the authenticity of some of the alleged sayings of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).

From these texts, he elaborates women's rights in a variety of areas, including treatment by God; marriage, divorce, financial provisions, and custody of children; coming out of seclusion (purdah), and taking part in social, economic, legal, and political activities. Rather than presenting what is practiced today, the book covers the theoretical position of Muslim women as sanctioned by the Quran and the authentic Hadith and offers a glimpse of the exalted position of honor and dignity enjoyed by Muslim women in the early days of Islam.

This well-researched book is made more distinctive by the author's personal experience. Raised in Bengal, India, Syed was inspired by his family, who valued men and women equally. As he grew up, Syed realized that most Muslim women lived very differently than the women of his family. According to the author, his family was egalitarian because his father and male relatives were not only devout Muslims but also very knowledgeable about Islam. This book is a culmination of his lifelong concern for women's rights under Islam.

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Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism

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By Omid Safi
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
Pages: 288, Date: 2003-05-25
ISBN-10 : 185168316X, 1.40 MB rar'd pdf

Description:
Developed in response to current debates on Islam, this collection of fifteen essays from leading Muslim scholars offers a frank and compelling insight into the contemporary Muslim tradition, confronting such crucial issues as pluralism, race, sexuality, and gender.

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Understanding Islamic Finance (The Wiley Finance Series)

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By Muhammad Ayub
Publisher: Wiley
Pages: 542, Date: 2008-01-02
ISBN-10 : 0470030690, Rar'ed PDF, 2.46 mb,

Description:
In Understanding Islamic Finance Muhammad Ayub introduces all the essential elements of this growing market by providing an in-depth background to the subject and clear descriptions of all the major products and processes associated with Islamic finance.

Key features include:

* Discussion of the principles of Islamic finance;
* Introduction to the key products and procedures that International Financial Institutions are using or may adopt to fund a variety of clients ensuring Sharī´ah compliance;
* Discussion of the role Islamic finance can play in the development of the financial system and of economies;
* Practical and operational examples that cover deposit and fund management by banks involving financing of various sectors of the economy, risk management, accounting treatment, and working of Islamic financial markets and instruments.

This book is not only an important text for all banks and financial institutions entering this particular market with a commitment to building Islamic financial solutions, but is also essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of Islamic finance.

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Jihad in Islamic History: Doctrines and Practice

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By Michael Bonner
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Pages: 224, Date: 2008-08-28
ISBN-10 : 0691138389, 1.05 MB RAR PDF

Description:
What is jihad? Does it mean violence, as many non-Muslims assume? Or does it mean peace, as some Muslims insist? Because jihad is closely associated with the early spread of Islam, today's debate about the origin and meaning of jihad is nothing less than a struggle over Islam itself. In Jihad in Islamic History, Michael Bonner provides the first study in English that focuses on the early history of jihad, shedding much-needed light on the most recent controversies over jihad.

To some, jihad is the essence of radical Islamist ideology, a synonym for terrorism, and even proof of Islam's innate violence. To others, jihad means a peaceful, individual, and internal spiritual striving. Bonner, however, shows that those who argue that jihad means only violence or only peace are both wrong. Jihad is a complex set of doctrines and practices that have changed over time and continue to evolve today.

The Quran's messages about fighting and jihad are inseparable from its requirements of generosity and care for the poor. Jihad has often been a constructive and creative force, the key to building new Islamic societies and states. Jihad has regulated relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, in peace as well as in war. And while today's "jihadists" are in some ways following the "classical" jihad tradition, they have in other ways completely broken with it.

Written for general readers who want to understand jihad and its controversies, Jihad in Islamic History will also interest specialists because of its original arguments

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Book One - Two For The Masnavi, (Oxford World's Classics)

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By Jalal al-Din Rumi
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Date: 2004-11-24, rar pdf 0.7 MB+0,82 MB

Description:
'The pen would smoothly write the things it knew But when it came to love it split in two, A donkey stuck in mud is logic's fate - Love's nature only love can demonstrate.' Rumi's Masnavi is widely recognized as the greatest Sufi poem ever written, and has been called 'the Koran in Persian'. The thirteenth-century Muslim mystic Rumi composed his work for the benefit of his disciples in the Sufi order named after him, better known as the whirling dervishes.

In order to convey his message of divine love and unity he threaded together entertaining stories and penetrating homilies. Drawing from folk tales as well as sacred history, Rumi's poem is often funny as well as spiritually profound. Jawid Mojaddedi's sparkling new verse translation of Book One is consistent with the aims of the original work in presenting Rumi's most mature mystical teachings in simple and attractive rhyming couplets.

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Gulf Capital and Islamic Finance: The Rise of the New Global Players

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By Aamir Rehman
Publisher: McGraw-Hill
Pages: 352, Date: 2009-12-22
ISBN-10 : 0071621989, PDF 1.9 MB's Full

Description:
Advance Praise for Gulf Capital & Islamic Finance
"With the region's increasing prominence in global capital markets, this timely piece is essential for anyone trying to gather a nuanced understanding of the landscape of Gulf capital and the fast-growing Islamic finance industry and the increased 'Shariah-affinity' of its stakeholders.

Brilliantly written and easy to read, Aamir Rehman has leveraged a luminous career as a corporate strategist for the Middle East to put together the comprehensive guide to Gulf capital and Islamic finance." -- S. Nazim Ali, Director, Islamic Finance Project, Harvard Law School

"Aamir Rehman has written a lucid and well-researched guide to tapping capital in the Gulf. He is right that appreciating the underpinnings of Shariah-compliant finance is key to understanding the mindset of Muslim investors." -- Samuel L. Hayes III, Jacob Schiff Professor of Investment Banking, Emeritus, Harvard Business School

"A timely and useful book on the growing relevance to the global economy of Gulf capital and Islamic finance. Aamir Rehman's deep knowledge, passion, and engagement with the topic have come together in a book that provides insight and practical advice on how to tap into a rapidly growing source of capital.

This book will help institutions navigate their way successfully through the growing Islamic finance industry." -- Iqbal Khan, CEO, Fajr Capital, and former founding CEO, HSBC Amanah

"If you want to understand the meaning and implications of Islamic finance, Aamir Rehman's Gulf Capital and Islamic Finance is the one volume you need on your desk. Written primarily for financial investment professionals with a need to know more about the impact on global markets of GCC investments and Islamic finance, Rehman's newest book makes this formerly ecoteric topic accessible to anyone with an interest in the increasingly important energy-rich Gulf countries." -- Michael W. S. Ryan, Ph.D., Senior Vice President, Middle East Institute, and former VP for Administration and Finance, Millennium Challenge Corporation

The six countries comprising the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)--Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Oman--have emerged as a vital source of stable capital and investments that will help power global economics in the coming decades.

In Gulf Capital and Islamic Finance, Aamir A. Rehman, the acclaimed author of Dubai & Co.: Global Strategies for Doing Business in the Gulf States, sheds welcome light on the hows and whys of trillions of dollars of Gulf capital, and Shariah-compliant finance--a fast-growing sector that Standard & Poor's values at $750 billion. In addition to incisive analysis of these dynamic, often unfamiliar markets, Rehman examines this sector's growth potential and investment opportunities.

Clearly written, brilliantly reasoned, and refreshingly free from geopolitical biases, this book is an excellent resource for professionals seeking to understand Gulf investments, Islamic finance, and their impact on global markets. Inside, you'll find in-depth knowledge on a host of vital topics, including:

* Background and context on the rise of Gulf capital and Islamic finance: their origins, evolution to date, and current landscape
* Descriptions of key GCC institutional investors such as sovereign wealth funds, specialist investment vehicles, and private investors
* Global implications of the rise of these new players--what it means for investors, bankers, regulators, and international markets
* The role of Gulf capital and Islamic finance in an emerging, multipolar world--and whether they should be seen as opportunities or threats

Involvement with Gulf-based investors in international markets is already bearing financial and strategic fruit for savvy global firms, as well as influencing reform in the GCC region. The flow of capital in and out of Shariah-compliant sectors presents tremendous opportunities for those who understand--and are prepared to meet--the aspirations and needs of these investors. Gulf Capital and Islamic Finance provides these firms and professionals with in-depth knowledge that builds a solid platform for dealing with businesses in a region that is assuming a broader role in the global economy.

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Issues in Islamic Banking: Selected Papers (Islamic Economics Series)

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By Muhammad Nejatullah Siddiqi
Publisher: Islamic Foundation
Pages: 152ISBN-10: 0860371182
PDF  3.28 MB

ISSUES IN ISLAMIC BANKING introduces the idea of a banking operation based on the Islamic principles of partnership and profit-sharing, free of interest. It demonstrates how the creation of high powered money as well as of bank money in the Islamic system can be firmly linked with genuine possibilities of production, minimising the chances of inflation.

Comparing and contrasting the Islamic system with the interest-based banking system it shows the superiority of the former on grounds of distributive justice, allocative efficiency, stability and growth. It argues that the malaise in the existing system of international finance is rooted in the institution of interest whose elimination should be the first step towards a new and healthy monetary order.

On the economics of profit-sharing the author shows how the ratio of profit-sharing between suppliers of capital and its users can be determined rationally by the forces of supply and demand. The book surveys recent contributions to the theory of money, banking and monetary policy in an Islamic economy, critically examining the state of the art on such issues as demand for money, creation of credit, 100 percent reserves and indexation.

It also evaluates some recent policy recommendations on how to eliminate interest from the economy of Pakistan, discussing such issues as Murabaha and investment auctioning.

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Wiley Finance : The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance: Tools and Techniques for Community-Based Banking

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By: Yahia Abdul-Rahman
Publisher: Wiley
Pages: 432, Date: 2010-01-07
ISBN-10 / ASIN: 0470449934
Rar'd PDF 2.4 MB's Full

A detailed look at the fast–growing field of Islamic banking and finance The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance is a modern American take on what it means to incorporate Islamic finance principles into everyday banking and investment techniques by introducing a new brand of banking for all people of all faiths: The Riba–Free (RF) banking.

The author is considered the father of RF (Islamic) banking in America. He has been a banker and an Imam/scholar for over 40 years in America since 1968. He started the tedious process with a finance company, LARIBA, in Pasadena, California in 1987. This is the first book ever in the field to trace the origins of prohibiting the renting of money at a price called interest rate and over–indulging in debt. The book reviews in great details the theological foundations of prohibiting interest in the Jewish Bible, the Christian Bible, and the Qur′aan. The author then discusses money and how fiat money is created, the role of the Federal Reserve, and the banking system in America. The book also discusses for the first time ever how to include an important aspect of RF (Islamic) finance using commodity indexation and marking the items to be financed to market in order to avoid participating in economic "bubbles." The author discusses how these rules work, how they affect consumer behavior, and how they change the role of the banker/financier.

* Covers a new pioneering model that is based on the Law (Shari′aa) and how it is applied in every transaction from joint ventures and portfolio management to home mortgages and personal financing
* Shows how to incorporate the Law (Shari′aa) into American financing and banking systems
* Points to RF (Islamic) finance and banking as a way to emphasize socially responsible investing

The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance also includes a discussion on the emergence of a culture of RF (Islamic) banking and finance today, which is based on the real Judeo–Christian–Islamic spirit and very effective when compared to twentieth–century models that use financial engineering and structuring techniques to circumvent the Law (Shari′aa). The book also includes case studies based on the actual experience of the author and detailed analysis of the superior results realized by applying this new brand of banking to financing.
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The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance is a modern American take on what it means to incorporate Islamic finance principles into everyday banking and investment techniques. It introduces a new brand of banking for people of all faiths: the Riba–Free (RF) banking.

Author Yahia Abdul–Rahman—who is considered the father of RF (Islamic) banking in America—has been a banker and an imam/scholar for over forty years. He is also the founder and Chairman of American Finance House: LARIBA, a company that has offered Islamic finance and banking research and instruments for more than twenty years. Now, in The Art of Islamic Banking and Finance, Abdul–Rahman shares his experiences in this field with you.

This unique guide first traces the Judeo–Christian–Islamic origins of prohibiting "renting" money at a price, called interest, and overindulging in debt. From there, it quickly moves on to discuss money and how fiat money is created, the role of the Federal Reserve, and the American banking system. Along the way, Abdul–Rahman skillfully addresses how to include an important aspect of RF (Islamic) finance using commodity indexation and marking the items to be financed to market in order to avoid participating in economic "bubbles." He also examines how these rules work, how they affect consumer behavior, and how they change the role of the banker/financier. The book covers many useful quests like restructuring and operating an RF bank in the United States and the recruiting and training of RF bankers based on the author′s experience.

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Shaping the Current Islamic Reformation (Cass Series--History and Society in the Islamic World.)

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B. A. Roberson
Publisher: Routledge | 2003
ISBN 0714682802, PDF  277 pages | 11.6 MB

This book goes beyond the media presentation of the impact of Islam in the Middle East to consider the reality that lies behind it. The author considers the West's understanding of of the Islamic revival, the development of Islamic politics and the attempts of some Islamic intellectuals to modernize Islamic society. A feature of much of the recent writing has been a focus on the violent aspects of the Islamic phenomenon.

This book presents the opportunity to look beyond these surface issues to the more fundamental and conceptual aspects of the Islamic revival. At the same time, it informs us more realistically about our current world and Islam's role within it.

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Islamic Activism: A Social Movement Theory Approach (Indiana Series in Middle East Studies)

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 By Quintan Wiktorowicz
Publisher Indiana University Press
ISBN: 0253342813 | edition 2003
PDF | 320 pages | 2,43 Mb

This volume represents the first comprehensive attempt to incorporate the study of Islamic activism into social movement theory. It argues that the dynamics, processes, and organization of Islamic activism can be understood as important elements of contention that transcend the specificity of "Islam" as a system of meaning and identity and a basis for collective action.

Drawing on extensive fieldwork, the contributors show how social movement theory can be utilized to address a wide range of questions about the mobilization of contention in support of Muslim causes.

The book covers myriad examples of Islamic activism (Sunni and Shi'a) in eight countries (Arab and non-Arab), including case studies of violence and contention, networks and alliances, and culture and framing. Quintan Wiktorowicz is Assistant Professor of International Studies at Rhodes College and author of Global Jihad: Understanding September 11.

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Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of Life in the Islamic Republic

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By Manochehr Dorraj, Mehran Kamrava
Publisher: Greenwood | ISBN: 0313341613
edition 2008 | PDF | 584 pages | 2,6 mb

Iran dominates the media headlines once again and has taken center stage in the U.S. and European Union strategy toward the Middle East. A more nuanced understanding of Iranian society has assumed even greater significance and urgency. Iran Today: An Encyclopedia of the Islamic Republic offers crucial insight for students and the general reader into an often misunderstood and complex country that is shrouded in mystery and misperception.

Heir to a long history and a great culture and civilization, Iran embodies a rich, complex, and diverse mosaic that defines its national identity. Diversity is also the operative word that describes Iranian landscapes and geography, its multiple ethnic groups and their varied cultures and traditions, as well as the uneven and vastly different levels of economic and industrial development, conflicting political tendencies, and different and often contradictory social and cultural outlooks.

Because of its tumultuous recent political history, Iran appears to encapsulate all of these internal differences and stark contrasts somewhat more distinctly than most of its neighbors. The 1978-1979 revolution transformed the society and culture in fundamental ways and redefined social life. It created new institutions of governance and Islamicized the culture, education and the legal system in an attempt to create a new society that would usher in the reign of piety and virtue.

Yet, Islamization had to come to terms with pre-Islamic and illustrious Persian history and culture, as well as the realities of an interdependent, postmodern, globalized world in which, as a developing country, Iran resides in the periphery. Within this framework, the dynamics and complexity of social life in the Islamic Republic unfold. This encyclopedia is the source for up-to-date, authoritative information on a full range of critical topics of interest.

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Campaign 190, Poitiers AD 732: Charles Martel Turns the Islamic Tide

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Author: David Nicolle, illustrated by Graham Turner
Osprey Publishing | February 19, 2008
ISBN-10: 184603230X | 96 Pages | Pdf | 13.3 MB


Description
In the early decades of the 8th century AD, Islamic forces were flooding into Europe through the Iberian peninsula, threatening Frankish and Burgundian territory and raiding it with ever-increasing ferocity. At the battle of Poitiers, also known as Tours, Christian forces under the Frankish leader Charles Martel "The Hammer" (grandfather of Charlemagne) confronted a massive invading Islamic army.

The Franks were victorious, effectively halting the northward advance of Islam and preserving Christianity as the dominant faith in Europe.

Expert medievalist David Nicolle draws on contemporary sources to reconstruct this turning-point battle, places it in its historical context and reviews its background and immediate and longer-term historical consequences.

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Reinhard Schulze, A Modern History of the Islamic World

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Author Reinhard Schulze
Publisher: I. B. Tauris & Co Ltd
PDF | 2002 | ISBN 1860648223
400 pages | 11 Mb

The Islamic world—defined as those regions in which Islam is the dominant or single most important religion—covers territories as far apart as Morocco and Indonesia, Somalia, and Bosnia and includes an extraordinary range of societies and cultures. In A Modern History of the Islamic World, eminent scholar Reinhard Schulze charts the history of these societies in the twentieth century, revealing what they have in common as well as their equally profound differences.

Rather than stringing together individual studies of different countries, the book is structured chronologically, tracing political change in the context of culture and society. Schulze opens with a survey of the impact of colonialism and its attendant modernizing effects on the Islamic world.

He then moves on to examine the rise of bourgeois nationalism in the 1920s and 1930s, the era of independence movements, the relationship between Islamic cultures and the "republican" political culture of the Third World, the reassertion of Islamic ideologies in the 1970s and 1980s and, finally, the issues surrounding the relationship between Islamic culture and civil society that dominated debate in the 1990s.

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Islamic Finance: Principles and Practice

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Author : Hans Visser
Edward Elgar Publishing
2009 | ISBN: 1845425251
184 pages | PDF | 4,4 MB

`Since its development, the study of Islamic finance has been enriched by the insights of Western scholars of banking and finance. Here, Hans Visser provides a comprehensive analysis of the principles of Islamic finance, the main instruments, and the operation of Islamic institutions and markets.

This thoughtful and well written study confirms Professor Visser's place in the group of Western writers able to comprehend and evaluate the essence of Islamic finance, while reinforcing Edward Elgar's position as the leading Western publishing house in this field.'

- Mervyn K. Lewis, University of South Australia and Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, Australia

Hans Visser presents a fascinating study of both the foundations of Islamic finance and its recent developments. This highly topical book explores the products and practices of Islamic finance, specifically targeting the tensions that may arise between the ideology and the practices.

The author describes the forms Islamic finance has taken, analyzes the problems that it faces, and confronts the practice of Islamic finance with the principles it is based upon. He presents a dispassionate discussion of the problems facing Islamic forms of finance, including the question of how to reconcile activities such as liquidity management, monetary policy and government finance with Islamic principles.

Islamic finance is an especially momentous phenomenon, and this book will prove an essential read for students with an interest in money and banking, and particularly Islamic finance. It will also be highly influential for bankers and staff in financial institutions, as well as financial journalists, politicians and civil servants dealing with the financial industry.

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Ahmad Atif Ahmad | Structural Interrelations of Theory And Practice in Islamic Law: A Study of Six Works of Medieval Islamic Jurisprudence (Studies in Islamic Law and Society)

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Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
2006 | ISBN 9004150315 | PDF
235 pages | 10.3 MB

This volume introduces six texts of Islamic jurisprudence, authored by six jurists representing all four Sunni schools of Islamic law (two Ḥanafī, two Shāfiʿī, one Malikī, and one Ḥanbalī), who lived in areas as far apart as Uzbekistan, Iraq, Syria, Gaza (Palestine), Egypt, and Algeria between the tenth and sixteenth centuries CE.

My reading of these texts attempts to articulate an underlying structural interrelationship between theoretical and practical legal reasoning in the Islamic juristic tradition.

This volume provides an anatomy of Islamic legal reasoning, centered on the basic concepts of human agency, responsibility, rights, legal hermeneutics, extra-textual sources of the law, and basic inquiries, such as the jurisdiction of law in Islam and the relationship between law and government and between law and theology.

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Democracy in Iran: History and the Quest for Liberty

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 Author Ali Gheissari, Vali Nasr
OUP USA | 2006 | ISBN: 0195189671
232 pages | PDF | 1,2 MB

Today Iran is once again in the headlines. Part of President George W. Bush's "Axis of Evil" and next-door neighbor to tumultuous Iraq, Iran's future is a matter of grave concern both for the stability of the region and for the safety of the global community. In this book, Ali Gheissari and Vali Nasr look at the political history of Iran in the modern era, and offer an optimistic assessment of the prospects for democracy to flourish there.

After having produced the only successful Islamist challenge to the state, a revolution and an Islamic Republic, Iran is now poised to produce the first genuine indigenous democracy in the Muslim world.

Democracy in Iran is neither a sudden development nor a western import, Gheissari and Nasr argue. The concept of democracy in Iran today may appear to be a reaction to totalitarianism, but it is an old idea with a complex history, one that is tightly interwoven with the main forces that have shaped Iranian society and politics, institutions, identities, and interests. Indeed, the demand for democracy first surfaced in Iran a century ago at the end of the Qajar period, and helped produce Iran's surprisingly liberal first constitution in 1906.

Gheissari and Nasr seek to understand why democracy failed to grow roots and lost ground to an autocratic Iranian state.

Why was democracy absent from the ideological debates of the 1960s and 1970s? Most important, why has it now become a powerful social, political, and intellectual force? How have modernization, social change, economic growth, and the experience of the revolution converged to make this possible? Gheissari and Nasr trace the fortunes of the democratic ideal from the inchoate demands for rule of law and constitutionalism of a century ago to today's calls for individual rights and civil liberties. In the process they provide not just a fresh look at Iran's politics but a new understanding of the way in which democracy as an idea can develop in a Muslim country.

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New Oxford World History For Southeast Asia in World History

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Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195160754 | edition 2009
PDF | 272 pages | 8,63 mb

This book will sketch an outline of Southeast Asian history from earliest times to the present, showing how the diverse political, economic, social, and cultural patterns developed over several thousand years and the role played by the region in the larger world. Approximately one third will be devoted to the centuries before 1500 CE, when civilizations and kingdoms emerged and some Southeast Asians became active in Asian and Pacific maritime trade networks.

It will discuss the connections to India and China, the great kingdoms such as Angkor, the maritime trade, and the emergence of diverse cultural traditions, including the Theravada Buddhist, Islamic, and Vietnamese realms. Another third covers the period of Western expansion and colonization between 1500 and 1941, when various Western nations began to gradually influence and then reshape the region and Southeast Asians became more deeply involved with world trade.

This includes an extensive discussion of the impact of colonialism on Southeast Asian societies, cultures, economies and politics. The final third examines the rise of nationalism and independence movements, decolonization, the wars in Indochina, and the links between past, present, and future.

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Between Athens and Jerusalem: Philosophy, Prophecy, and Politics in Leo Strauss's Early Though

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Publisher: State University of New York Press
ISBN: 0791473910 | edition 2008
PDF | 258 pages | 5,64 mb

Praised as a major political thinker of the twentieth century and vilified as the putative godfather of contemporary neoconservatism, Leo Strauss (1899–1973) has been the object of heated controversy both in the United States and abroad. This book offers a more balanced appraisal by focusing on Strauss's early writings.

By means of a close and comprehensive study of these texts, David Janssens reconstructs the genesis of Strauss's thought from its earliest beginnings until his emigration to the United States in 1937. He discusses the first stages in Strauss's grappling with the “theological-political problem,” from his doctoral dissertation on Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi to his contributions to Zionist periodicals, from his groundbreaking study of Spinoza's critique of religion to his research on Moses Mendelssohn, and from his rediscovery of medieval Jewish and Islamic philosophy to his research on Hobbes.

Throughout, Janssens traces Strauss's rediscovery of the Socratic way of life as a viable alternative to both modern philosophy and revealed religion.

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Religion in Schools: Controversies around the World

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 (Greenwood Folklore Handbooks S)
Author : R. Murray Thomas,
Publisher: Praeger Publishers | 2006-03-30
ISBN 0275990613 | PDF | 248 pages | 1.3 MB

Many Americans may believe that religion in the schools is a controversial subject only in the United States. But around the world, the subject has gained widespread notoriety, media coverage, and attention from governing bodies, school administrations, and individuals. In France, conflict erupted when a young girl wore a headscarf to her school; the government there got involved to reassert the "rule" that no outward display of religion will tolerated.

In India, a panel was appointed to remove Hindu religious beliefs from high-school textbooks. In Pakistan, the government passed a law to make the curriculum of Islamic religious schools more secular in its approach.

Here in the United States, debates abound regarding the Pledge of Allegiance, the posting of the Ten Commandments, prayer in school, and other familiar arguments.

But why do these controversies exist? What prompts them? Why do particular conflicts arise, and what attempts are made to deal with them? How have solutions fared? How are the controversies in one country similar to or different from those in another? In Religion in Schools, R. Murray Thomas uses case examples from twelve countries around the world, covering all regions of the world and all the major religions, to examine and answer these questions.

He reveals the complexities of the conflicts, and shows what brought them about. For example, in France, the conflicts often arise out of that nation's desire to remain intensely secular. Using case examples and applying a uniform approach to analyzing each country's particular focus on religion and education, he is able to show what these conflicts have in common, how well solutions have worked, and what may lie ahead.

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The European Union, Turkey and Islam By The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy

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Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9053567127 | edition 2004
PDF | 174 pages | 3,7 mb

The relationship between Turkey and Islam is a hotly debated issue that dominates discussion over the country's bid to join the European Union. The European Union, Turkey and Islam examines here the role of religion in Turkey and the EU and offers arguments on why Turkish Islam will not be an obstacle to Turkey's EU membership.

The distinguished contributors analyze Turkish Islam and attempt to determine how significant a factor it is in Turkey's compatibility with the democratic and humanitarian aims of EU member states. Their incisive essays argue that Islamic religious forces will not undermine the autonomy of the secular Turkish state.

They also contend that Islam-inspired political parties actually support the secular government. Included in the volume is the thought-provoking study "Searching for the Fault-Line" by E. J. Zürcher and H. van der Linden that examines Turkey's current religious landscape and ultimately dismisses the notion of an inevitable clash between Turkish Islam and European cultures.

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Books for children in Arabic, 186 books

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Several authors and editors, no possible classification
186 books  DJVU Arabic  , 226MB

مجموعة لا بأس بها من الكتب بالعربية للاطفال تدور حول قصص لجحا و الف ليلة و ليلة وغيرها من قصص الاطفال ثم تجدون كتبا عن الصحابة الكبار و المعارك الاسلامية و العلماء العرب و العجم و عوالم الحيوان و النبات و الاختراعات العلمية
Here a great collection of books, for children telling about ordinary children tales, 1001 nights tales, great Sahaba, scientists, animals, plants or scientific discoveries. For your children or for you. Many of these books I read them when I was child, so it's funny to find them today.

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Rebellion and Violence in Islamic Law

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By Khaled Abou El Fadl
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Pages: 404, Date: 2001-12-03
ISBN-10 : 0521793114, PDF. Size ~1.52 MB

Description:
Khaled Abou El Fadl's book represents the first systematic examination of the idea and treatment of political resistance and rebellion in Islamic law. Pre-modern jurists produced an extensive and sophisticated discourse on the legality of rebellion and the treatment due to rebels under Islamic law.

The book examines the emergence and development of these discourses from the eighth to the fifteenth centuries, and considers juristic responses to the various terror-inducing strategies employed by rebels--including assassination, stealth attacks and rape.

The study demonstrates how Muslim jurists went about restructuring several competing doctrinal sources in order to construct a highly technical discourse on rebellion. Indeed many of these rulings may have a profound influence on contempoary practices. This is an important and challenging book which sheds light on the complexities of Islamic law, and pre-modern attitudes to dissidence and rebellion.

• A systematic treatment of the idea of political resistance and rebellion in Islamic law • Appeals to a wide range of readers including students of Islamic law, historians and political scientists • Broad-ranging account placed in its historical and legal context
Contents

Preface and acknowledgments; Introduction; 1. Modern scholarship and reorienting the approach to rebellion; 2. The doctrinal foundations of the laws of rebellion; 3. The historical context and the creative response; 4.

The rise of the juristic discourse on rebellion: fragmentation; 5. The spread of the Islamic law of rebellion from the fourth/tenth to the fifth/eleventh centuries; 6. Rebellion, insurgency and brigandage: the developed positions and the emergence of trends; 7. The developed non-Sunni positions; 8. Negotiating rebellion in Islamic law; Works cited; Indexes.

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Hadith as Scripture: Discussions on the Authority of Prophetic Traditions in Islam

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By Aisha Y. Musa
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Pages: 224, Date: 2008-05-13
ISBN-10 : 0230605354, 698 KB pdf

Description:
This work explores the earliest extant discussions on the authority of the Hadith in Islam and compares them with contemporary debates. These lively and often polemical debates are mostly popular discussions in which Muslims from different backgrounds and cultures participate--making this topic relevant to Muslims in their daily lives, as well as a question of academic interest.

This is the first study to take into account both the earliest and most recent discussions of the oral tradition of the prophet Muhammad. The book also includes the first Western language translation of al-Shafi'i's Kitab Jima' al-'Ilm, which articulates arguments that were critical in establishing the position of the Hadith in mainstream Islam.

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Understanding the Hadith: The Sacred Traditions of Islam

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By Ram Swarup
Publisher: Prometheus Books
Pages: 258, Date: 2002-09
ISBN-10: 1591020174, Pdf
Size: Rar - 1.21 MB, Unzipped - 1.41 MB

Description:
Although the non-Muslim world is not as familiar with the Hadith as with the Quran, it is the Hadith that is the most important single source of Islamic laws, precepts, and practices. Ever since the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, millions of Muslims have attempted to mimic his dress, diet, hairstyle, toilet mores, and sexual and marital habits in the hope of being more like the man who walked in the ways of Allah.

Whether one visits Saudi Arabia or Central Asia, India or Malaysia, Muslims by the millions can be found conforming to the Prophet's views on the veil, polygamy, and ablution.

The Hadith consistutes a voluminous literature. Every word from Muhammad's lips, every nod or shake of his head, every one of his gestures and mannerisms was important to his followers. They remembered these as best they could and passed these "traditions" on from generation to generation.

Using the Sahih Muslim, a massive work consisting of 7,190 traditions divided into 1,243 chapters, Ram Swarup quotes representative selections that touch upon the main tenets of Islamic faith: purification, prayer, fasting, pilgrimage, marriage and divorce, crime and punishment, religious wars (jihad), paradise, hell, repentance, and many others.

According to Muslim theologians, Islam is a "complete" and "completed" religion that deals not only with theological matters but also with all aspects of the believer's life. It is equally political and military. It has much to do with statecraft, and it has a very specific view of the world peopled by "infidels" or non-Muslims. Since most of the world is still "infidel," it is very important for those who are not Muslim to understand Islam. UNDERSTANDING THE HADITH provides many insights into the mind-set of the typical Muslim who is raised on these traditions.

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Shari'ah Law: An Introduction (One World (Oxford))

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By Mohammad Hashim Kamali
Publisher: Oneworld Publications
Pages: 398, Date: 2008-02-08
ISBN-10 : 1851685650, pdf.rar 1.25 Mb

Description :
Providing a comprehensive and accessible examination of Shari'ah Law, this well considered introduction examines the sources, characteristic features and various schools of thought of a system often stereotyped for its severity in the West.

Complete with a bibliography, glossary, and extensive index of Arabic quotations, this wide-ranging resource will prove an indispensable resource for Islamic students, and an informative guide to a complex topic for the general reader.

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The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam (Al-Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam)

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By Yusuf Al Qaradawi
Publisher: Islamic Book Trust
Pages: 356, Date: 2001-03
ISBN-10 : 983915429X, PDF 14,6 mb

Description
The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam has, since its, first publication in 1960, enjoyed a hugh readership. It dispels the ambiguities surrounding the Shari'ah, serving as an essential reference work for the Muslims of this age. It clarifies the Lawful (halal) and why it is lawful, and prohibited (haram) and why it is prohibited, referring to the Qur'an and the Sunnah.

It answers many of the questions which Muslims face today. In a very simple way, the book delves into the authentic references in Islamic jurisprudence and fiqh to extract judgements of interest to contemporary Muslims on matters of worship, business dealings, marriage and divorce, food and drink, dress and adornment, patterns of behavior, individual and group relations, family and social ethics, habits and social customs. Referring to authentic texts, it carifies that "Permissibility, is the rule in everything, unless it is otherwise specified in matters that adversely affect individuals or groups." It also stipulates that "Allah is the only authority who has the right to legislate for the lawful and the prohibited.

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